In handball, the umpire can call for different throws depending on the foul. Here are some of them.
A throw-off is called at the start of the match, at the start of the second half, and after a goal score. It is taken from the middle of the court. While throwing the ball, the thrower should have one foot behind the line and the other foot on the line. The players of the team throwing the ball need to be on their side of the court until the ball is thrown.
A throw-in is one of the common rules of handball and is taken when the ball goes beyond the sideline. The team without the last possession throws in the ball. One of the thrower’s feet should be on the marked sideline during the throw-in. And it can only be taken from the spot where the ball went out of bounds.
The free-throw, also known as the three-metre-throw, is taken when one team commits a minor foul. It is awarded to the team that did not commit the foul and at the spot where the rule was violated. Ideally, the closest opposing player must be at least three metres away from the thrower. It cannot be taken from the goal area.
The goal-throw is taken by the goalkeeper from either goal area when the ball goes out of bounds on the goal line. It is done when an opposing player enters the goal area to gain an advantage after the ball goes beyond the goal line. And it depends on who, between the attacking team and the goalkeeper, had the last possession.
This throw is done when the umpire establishes that the defending team committed a foul that deserves higher punishment than a standard throw. The opposition team is not allowed to ruin the attacking team’s clear scoring chance. The throw should be done within three seconds of the whistle.